As we have already mentioned, a dental abscess is a localized accumulation of pus that occurs in the gum. There are different types of dental abscesses depending on their origin: the periodontal abscess and the periapical abscess.
Dental abscesses, also known as phlegmons, are a very common disease of the oral cavity and are distinguished by being particularly painful. It is vitally important to know the cause that originated it, as this data will decisively influence your treatment in the dental clinics in your area.
Therefore, with the aim of continuing to expand your knowledge of this condition, we will discuss the different types of tooth abscesses below.
What are the Types of Dental Abscesses that Exist?
These diseases can arise from a wide variety of causes. For example, they can occur due to periodontitis, a dental infection, advanced dental caries affecting the dental pulp, or some types of fractures.
Depending on the cause, there are different types of dental abscesses. We can summarize the periodontal abscess caused by gum problems and the periapical abscess caused by a tooth problem.
A periodontal abscess is the result of previously untreated periodontal disease. This is an infection that can remain active as it spreads from the root of the tooth to the bone. It causes a wide variety of symptoms, such as inflammation, severe pain, or fever.
The periapical abscess manifests itself in an extremely painful way due to very deep dental caries that affect the nerve, which obviously has not been suitably treated previously. It appears due to a very deep and advanced cavity that affects the nerve of the tooth, or it appears after dental trauma.
Now that we have briefly described both types of dental abscesses, regardless of how they develop in the oral cavity, it is clear that they are infections that can be very harmful if not treated in time. And therefore, it is necessary to act accordingly, and it becomes essential to periodically visit the dentist so that he can undergo treatment based on your specific case.
If you have dental problems of this type or if symptoms make you think you have contracted this disease, immediately consult the dentists of the dental clinics in your area; they will be able to offer advice to you in the best possible way.
What are the Dangers of Dental Abscesses?
One of the main dangers of having a tooth abscess is tooth loss. And that is why it is advisable to urgently visit your trusted dentist to find an effective solution that allows you to save the affected tooth. On the other hand, it should be noted that tooth loss is not the only consequence that phlegmon can cause.
This infection can also spread to the jawbone or cause a soft tissue infection. Like facial cellulitis or Ludwig’s angina, this is a disease characterized by the onset of fever and deviation of the walls of the larynx. Finally, we cannot forget that a tooth abscess can cause a blood infection, as there is a possibility that the bacteria will pass through the bloodstream.
In short, it is clear that we are dealing with a very common disease that requires urgent dental care to avoid any type of consequence for both oral and general health. It is also necessary to keep an eye on possible allergies to drugs, since in 90 percent of cases of abscesses, an antibiotic is prescribed by the dentist, and if he is not aware of an intolerance to a drug, the consequences could also be very serious.
What Antibiotics are used by Dentists for Dental Abscesses?
Penicillin VK: Penicillin VK is a penicillin derived from phenoxymethyl. Penicillin VK is the trade name for penicillin V. The K in its name refers to the addition of potassium, which gives it better solubility and absorption in the body. It functions by inhibiting bacterial wall synthesis.
This antibiotic is considered safe during pregnancy. It is absorbed very well in the gastrointestinal tract and is distributed throughout the body, where it is then excreted by the kidneys. It begins with an oral loading dose of 1,000 mg, followed by 500 mg every six hours for six to ten days. In severe infections, one dose may be given every four hours.
Amoxicillin with Clavulanic Acid: Amoxicillin is a semi-synthetic penicillinase-sensitive penicillin. It prevents the proper formation of cell walls in bacteria, ultimately causing the death of the microorganism. Its use should be avoided during pregnancy unless deemed essential by your doctor. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid is the most common cause of hepatotoxicity.
The doses are 875 mg/125 mg every twelve hours for seven to ten days or 500 mg/125 mg every eight hours for the same period. In patients with renal insufficiency, the dose of amoxicillin is reduced. It is stable in an acidic medium, so food does not interfere with the absorption of the antibiotic.